The basic philosophy behind the integrated recycling system is "used products are not waste, but valuable resources." Overall, the system is composed of three concepts.
The main concept is the "closed-loop system", where used products are thoroughly and effectively used as resources.
The upstream process for the closed-loop system is "inverse manufacturing," which aims for creating products that have little environmental impacts, under the premise that parts are to be reused.
The downstream process for the closed-loop system is "zero emissions," where parts that cannot be reused are separated and recycled, and are comprehensively used as new materials again.